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PARSHAS MATTOS -

"Arm some of your men for the war, and they will be against Midian to execute the LORD's revenge against Midian" - " ; , -, -', " (Numbers 31:3)

G-d said to Moses that this itself will execute the LORD's revenge against Midian, by virtue of the fact that you need to take some men and arm them to go out to war. This itself will awaken the LORD's vengeance against them, inasmuch as the Jewish people are forced to waste time doing this when they could be involved in serving G-d. Since the Midianites force the Jews to need to go out to get armed for war, this will make them be included in the vengeance of the LORD.

(Divrei Binah - Parshas Mattos p. 152)

"For when they went up to the Valley of Eshcol and saw the land, they discouraged the heart of the Children of Israel." - " - , -, , - ---, -" (Numbers 32:9)

When the Scripture is coming to remind us of the incident of the Spies, why does it specifically mention that they went up to the Vally of Eshcol? Perhaps we can explain it according to the teaching of the Talmud that - Eschol refers to - Ish Shehacol Bo, a "man who has it all in him" (Talmud: Sotah 47b). When it says that they went up to the Valley of Eshcol, it means that they thought that they had it all in them, that they had every good trait. This came from haughtiness, and from this they discouraged the heart of the Jewish people. Perhaps this is the meaning in the Talmud when it says "when Rabbi Yose ben Yoezer of Zeredah died, the Eshcolos (clusters of grapes) ceased" (Talmud: Sotah 47a), that he accomplished with his divine service that no person thought he was an "Eshcol", that no one thought he had it all within him, rather they all knew and understood the truth.

(Divrei Binah - Parshas Mattos p. 152)

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