"You are all standing today before the LORD your God, your leaders, your tribes, your elders, and your officers, every man in Israel. Your small children, your wives, and the strangers that are among your camp, from your wood choppers to your water drawers" - " , : , , , . --, : , " (Deuteronomy 29:9-10)

The commentators ask why does the Torah say so much to say "your wood choppers and your water drawers"? Aren't they also included among the men? However, the Holy Zohar teaches that any place in Scripture where it says "today" it hints to Rosh Hashanah (Zohar 3:231). Thus this verse teaches how a person should pray and serve God on Rosh Hashanah. The Holy Zohar teaches that on Rosh Hashanah one should only pray for the Glory of Heaven and not only for his own base needs, because if he is only praying for his livelihood he is like a dog who only asks for food, barking " " - "hav hav" - "give give" (Tikunei Zohar 22). The reason for this is that "Today is the beginning of Your works" (Rosh Hashanah Liturgy), that it is the day that the world was created. Did the Blessed Creator create the whole world and all that is in it just so a person can work and make a living? Was a person created just to eat and drink? The whole purpose of creation was to serve God. This is the meaning of "You are all standing today before the LORD". At this season, the entire Jewish people stands and prays asking for the Glory of Heaven. A Jew's entire intent, desire, longing, and will is only "before the LORD your God". Even though a whole year a person needs to pray about the Exile of the Divine Presence, in any event not every person is worthy to pray for the honor of Heaven. However, on Rosh Hashanah, even the "wood choppers and water drawers", even the most simple Jews, need to be "before the LORD", that his entire prayer is only for the Glory of Heaven, that His Kingdom should be revealed soon in our days.

(Sefer Orchos Dovid, teachings of Rebbe Dovid Mattisyahu of Biala, p. 214)

"And He will return and gather you together from among all the peoples that the LORD your God scattered you among them" - ", -, ' , " (Deuteronomy 30:3)

It is known that the entire concept of Exile is to gather and take out the sparks of holiness that have been swallowed up among the nations. The concept of gathering the sparks is to bring out the source in holiness, and to make it known that everything in the world is rooted in a Life Source from God, to know that God can be recognized from everything created in the world. This is the meaning of the verse "then will all the trees of the forest sing" (Psalm 96:12), for that was the original reason for creation. Like it is written "and the earth sprouted herbs" - " " (Genesis 1:11). "DeShA" "" - "herbs" stands for " " - "Diyukno Shel Aviv" - "His father's image", that God's intent in Creation was that His Godliness should be recognized in everything in the world. In the future it will be like that, just like the original intent. Thus we see that the main purpose of the redemption will be that God will give us understanding and knowledge to see His Blessed Godliness in everything. This is the meaning of "and the LORD will return your captivity from among all the peoples that the LORD your God scattered you among", that this itself will be the gathering of the exiles, that God will give you knowledge to know that the LORD your God is there, that in every place you should recognized His Blessed Godliness, and all will be unified to its source.

(Sefer Divrei Binah, Parshas Nitzavim p. 105-106)

"It is not in heaven" - " , " (Deuteronomy 30:12)

The Mishnah teaches "Beloved is Israel, for they were given a precious vessel, an additional love was known to them for they were given a precious vessel" (Pirkei Avos 3:18). Why is this term "they were given a precious vessel" repeated? It would seem that it is to explain the verse "it is not in heaven... for this thing is very close to you" (Deuteronomy 30:14), for God gave us the Torah, so that in this world we should be boss of the Torah. This is why it says "they were given", because the Torah belongs totally to the Jewish people.

(Sefer Orchos Dovid - teachings of Rebbe Dovid Mattisyahu of Biala, Commentary on Pirkei Avos p. 276)

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